Guide A Combined MRI and Histology Atlas of the Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

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Whether or not you have the 1st edition, the splendid 2nd is a must. An absolute must for all neuroscientists navigating the rhesus monkey brain. Leslie G. The figures are beautiful and very clear; the inclusion of sections stained with three staining methods, and their correlation with high-resolution MRI scans gives the atlas depth and validity. It should be widely used, and is likely to become a standard.

Joseph L. Price, Washington University in St. Louis "Simply excellent! This much needed atlas is meticulous and clear, and a brilliant exposition of the basic anatomical relationships of the macaque brain. It will be a treasured reference and guide for both experts and beginners over a wide range of research areas. Kathleen S. Rockland, Riken Brain Science Institute, Japan "Our ability to decipher the intricate circuitry and function of the primate brain depends upon accurately localizing experimental data to particular spatial coordinates and to particular architectonic subdivisions revealed by postmortem histochemistry.

This atlas of the macaque brain will serve as a valuable resource to the neuroscience community because it combines detailed architectonic maps with high-resolution structural MRI that preserves information about spatial coordinates. David C. VanEssen, Washington University in St. Louis "To discover the secrets of perception, memory, action, and consciousness, we must be able to navigate the secret passageways of the nervous system. Year: Did you find what you were looking for? Yes, I found it! No, I did not! Thanks for your feedback!

The Rhesus Monkey Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates

Please note that we cannot respond unless you supply your email address. See also Carmichael and Price for the subdivisions within agranular insula in the posterior orbital prefrontal cortex see Figure 2. See also Kondo et al. An imaginary cut line is made on the temporal pole dashed line, right to expose the caudal orbital surface areas Ial, Iai, and Iapm.

Dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex In the current study, the overall extent and architectonic structure of areas 8, 8B, 9, 10, 12, 44, 45, and 46 in the dorsolateral and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex are closely matched with that of Petrides and his colleagues Petrides and Pandya, , ; Petrides, We also distinguished subdivisions within areas 8B, 9, 10, 12, and 46 based on the architectonic analysis, and other studies.

The approximate correspondence between the prefrontal areas shown in the current study and other studies are indicated in Table 2. Cytoarchitectonic and Chemoarchitectonic Organization of Cortical and Subcortical areas Our subdivisions of areas 10 10m and 10o , and 12 12r, 12m, and 12l are based on Carmichael and Price ; see Figure 2.

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Table 2. These subdivisions were based on the architectonic and functional properties of various sectors of the motor cortex Figure 2. For comparison, we also include in our maps the cytoarchitectonic and myeloarchitectonic subdivisions of premotor cortex shown by Barbas and Pandya , and functional subdivisions illustrated by Luppino and Rizzolatti ; see also Tanji et al. For example, we illustrated the premotor areas in our maps as follows see Table 2.

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In the SMI stained sections, areas 7a and 7b are characterized by sparse to moderate distribution of lightly stained pyramidal neurons in layers III and V Chapter 4, Figures , Area 7a is clearly distinguished from adjacent area MST in the dorsal bank and fundus of the caudal superior temporal sulcus that shows denser band of SMI labeled pyramidal neurons in layers III and V Figures , Area 7m contains more SMI labeled pyramidal neurons than in areas 7a and 7b. Area 5 This area is located in the lateral and medial part of the parietal cortex, including the medial bank of the intraparietal sulcus that overlaps with areas PE, PEa, and PEc of Pandya and Seltzer Our observation is consistent with Lewis and Van Essen We did not distinguish chemoarchitectonic subdivisions within area VIP in the current study.

These areas are known or thought to be involved in somatosensory-related and gustatory functions. We used the criteria described by Jones and Burton , and Friedman et al. We found strong parvalbumin positive fiber and terminal plexus in gustatory cortex area G , and this pattern of labeling is essentially the same as that described by Carmichael and Price One subdivision located deep inside the lateral sulcus, close to granular insula Ig contains a dense concentration of parvalbumin stained fibers and terminals, and moderate to dense distribution of SMI labeled pyramidal neurons.

A Combined MRI and Histology Atlas of the Rhesus Monkey Brain: In Stereotaxic Coordinates

The other subdivision, lateral to the first subregion contains sparse to moderate distribution of parvalbumin stained fibers and terminals, and SMI labeled pyramidal neurons see Chapters 3 and 4. In brief, the deep nuclei of amygdala are divided into lateral L , basal B , accessory basal AB , and paralaminar PL nuclei.

The lateral nucleus is further subdivided into dorsal, dorsal intermediate and ventral subdivisions Pitkanen and Amaral, Based on the parvalbumin staining, we did not recognize the dorsal intermediate subdivision of the lateral nucleus, but distinguished two other subdivisions of lateral nucleus in our maps. The basal nucleus is subdivided into magnocellular, intermediate, and parvicellular subdivisions Bmc, Bi, and Bpc, respectively , and the accessory basal nucleus is subdivided into magnocellular and parvicellular subdivisions ABmc and ABpc, respectively. The other subdivisions of the amygdala include the cortical nuclei, and anterior amygdaloid area, the central nucleus, the intercalated nuclei, and the amygdalohippocampal area.

We found differential distribution of parvalbumin stained fibers and terminal plexus, and neurons in these subregions similar to that described by Pitkanen and Amaral a see Chapters 3 and 4.


Thalamus and Hypothalamus We adapted the terminology and cytoarchitectonic subdivisions of the thalamic nuclei similar to that of Olszewski The parvalbumin, calbindin, and calretinin staining are also very useful in delineating different thalamic nuclei, as illustrated in the current study see Chapters 3 and 4; calbindin and calretinin sections are not shown. The staining pattern is consistent with that shown by Jones and his colleagues Jones and Hendry, ; Jones, , although the terminology used in the latter studies is slightly different from that of Olszewski The hypothalamus consists of many subnuclei that are connected with the specific subregions of the orbitomedial prefrontal cortex Ongur et al.

The hypothalamic nuclei are distinguished in Nissl and SMI stained sections but less so in parvalbumin stained sections see the photomicrographs. Cytoarchitectonic organization. Barbas, H and Pandya, DN. Brodmann, K. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth. Desimone, R and Ungerleider, LG.

Garey, LJ. London: Smith-Gordon. Neurofilament protein defines regional patterns of cortical organization in the macaque monkey visual system: a quantitative immunohistochemical analysis. The thalamus of primates. Jones, EG and Burton, H. PNAS — Lorente de No, R. Continuation of the study of the Ammonic system. Luppino, G and Rizzolatti, G. News Physiol. Brain Res.

Architectonics in the insulo-orbito-temporal component of the paralimbic brain. Olszewski, J. New York: S. Karger, Basel. Petrides, M. Petrides, M and Pandya, DN. The amygdaloid complex. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Rizzolatti, G and Luppino, G.

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Neuron — New York: Plenum Press. Saleem, KS and Tanaka, K. Seltzer, B and Pandya, DN. Cogn Brain Res. Van Hoesen, GW. TINS — Walker, AE. Wise, SP. Yukie, M. Zeki, SM. Each abbreviation is followed by the name of that structure and the number of the figures on which the abbreviation appears. The Beagle Brain in Stereotaxic Coordinates. Read more. Atlas of Fish Histology.