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It remained there for many years before being moved to hang in St George's chapel in Before being presented to the Abbey the flag had been cleaned so there are no bloodstains on it. David Railton was born on 13th November at Leytonstone in London. He received the Military Cross in for saving an officer and two men under heavy fire. He was killed in an accidental fall from a train in Scotland in June Sir Cecil Smith's account of the re-burial of the three unselected bodies is in Westminster Abbey Library. C died , founder of the British Legion Poppy Factory.

He and a few disabled ex-servicemen stood together around a battlefield cross with trays of paper poppies to sell to passers by who could then plant one beside the cross to remember the fallen. In the Field was expanded to include crosses for the fallen of each regiment and was open for a week. The Legion organizes the large plot each year and all proceeds go to their poppy appeal for veterans. Prince Harry attended in and has opened the Field in subsequent years. The familiar words spoken at the dedication of the Field are from Laurence Binyon 's poem "For the Fallen" - "They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.

The mighty fallen : our nation's greatest war memorials - Topeka & Shawnee County Public Library

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning, we will remember them. At the second battle of Ypres in he wrote his well known verses 'In Flanders' fields the poppies blow between the crosses, row on row He died of his wounds in The first Poppy Day in Britain was held on 11th November On 4th August at pm a service with a candle-lit vigil of prayer and reflection was held at the grave to commemorate the start of the First World War in Afterwards an all night vigil was kept at the grave of the Unknown Warrior until a service of Requiem on the morning of July 1st, the start of the battle.

In November the Dean of Westminster was asked to re-kindle the Belgian Torch of Remembrance, which had been extinguished by the Nazis during the occupation, at the grave of the Unknown Warrior. This was then taken back to Brussels to the Belgian Unknown Warrior's grave. Each year since then a short ceremony has been held in the Abbey for the lighting of the torch.

Faces of the Fallen (Extract)

It is now called the British Torch of Remembrance. The railway carriage which brought the body to London has been restored and can be viewed on Bodiam station, Sussex, where a replica of the coffin is on display. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography The Great War The British Empire.

Western Front Association. Anglo Belgian Club. A memorial to the Million Dead of the British Empire was unveiled in the inscription was slightly altered after the war in St George's chapel. The Verdun Trophy , a circular bronze shield with a sword which was a gift from the City of Verdun to the British Army in , is attached to the metal grille of St George's chapel. Also in this chapel are recorded the names of former choristers and Abbey staff who died. A memorial stone to Winston Churchill , First Lord of the Admiralty at the outbreak of war, is in the nave.

The mighty fallen : our nation's greatest war memorials, Larry Bond and f-stop Fitzgerald

A memorial tablet to Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister at the outbreak of war, is on a pillar in the north transept. The writer C. Lewis was wounded at the battle of Arras. His memorial stone is in Poets' Corner. This has a braille inscription. The Abbey's embroidered white silk funeral pall or hearse cloth was presented in by the Actors' Church Union in memory of their members who died. Designed by W. Caroe it is used at many funerals in the Abbey. Two embroidered processional banners were presented by the Church Lads' Brigade and the Girls' Friendly Society to remember the fallen.

British Pathe video - Armistice Day : The coffin of the unknown soldier is transported from France to England with great ceremony.


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This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library. Designed by. After America's entry into the war he tried to enlist in the American army but so many Americans were volunteering that he became impatient at the delay and crossed the border into Canada to enlist in the Flying Corps. He arrived in England in August and after further training, he went to France on 2 March. Twenty-five days later he was dead. His father, Mr GF Harding, chose his inscription from Algernon Swinburne's poem 'The Halt Before Rome': Republican Rome, for whom the soldiers in the poem are fighting: She, without shelter or station, She, beyond limit or bar, Urges to slumberless speed Armies that famish, that bleed, Sowing their lives for her seed, That their dust may rebuild her a nation, That their souls may relight her a star.

There's no indication as to why he volunteered, it could have been the sinking of the Lusitania on 7 May in which so many American citizens died, or perhaps the fact that there's a Star of David on his headstone. This sign of his Jewish faith might have been a significant factor. Anti-semitism was rife in certain parts of Germany and within certain sections of German society. His family could have been refugees. Aaron who died at 30 CCS as the result of an accident while driving Ford Ambulance on duty on the Death resulted on Born in Clapton, London in the first quarter of and educated at Hackney Downs School, Ernest Dunn was just 19 when, according to his medal index card, he went to France in May He was killed the following month.

His parents' only child; his father had died in At the time of his death he was attached to the Machine Gun Corps. The Hackney Downs School memorial site , records that Dunn was killed by a shell. Originally buried where he died, Dunn's body was exhumed and reburied at Orchard Dump Cemetery in March The site of the cemetery was donated to the War Graves Commission by the widow of a Captain in the French 72nd Infantry killed in action in August Mrs Alice Whelan had thirteen children of whom nine survived to adulthood.

Widowed before she and her one daughter described their occupations as ironers. Thomas was her eldest child.

She says of him in the War Graves Commission records that he had had 15 years military service. It is likely that this service had come to the end before the war and that he rejoined on the outbreak. He died of wounds in the hospital centre of St Sever on 1 July , the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Thomas was 'the first to fall'.

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Two years later James Whelan, sixteen years younger than his older brother, died of wounds close to the front line on 26 June Eight of my sons Answered the call You, dear Jim, were the second To fall - sleep on. Stanley Jenkin's inscription comes from Elizabeth Barrett Browning's beautiful, passionate love poem 'How do I love thee?

Let me count the ways'.


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It was signed for by his father. The battalion was sent first to a quiet part of the line to acclimatise themselves to the trenches before being sent into the front line at Givenchy on 17 February. The next day the British artillery bombarded the German trenches from 8 to 11 pm. The war diary recorded that the enemy's retaliation was 'moderate' and that one soldier was killed.

The next day, the 19th, is described as "Very quiet - nothing unusual happened. In civilian life Jenkins had been an engine driver in a colliery in Ogmore Vale, Glamorganshire. In he was living in Ogmore with his grandmother, Anne Davies, without his parents, as he had been aged 7 in On his attestation form he named his grandmother as his next of kin and left his money to her in his will. However, by she was dead and it was his parents, Evan and Esther Jenkins of Brodawel, Twyn, Garnant, Carmarthenshire, who received his medals, next-of-kin memorial plaque and scroll. To do this they had to fill in Army Form W.

This revealed that all his grandparents were dead and that he had no brothers or sisters. He was 52 years of age. On the outbreak of war he rejoined the army and was in France by March with the rank of Temporary Lieutenant Colonel, meaning that he would hold the rank for the duration of the war. Harrison was commissioned into the Royal Field Artillery in He came from an army family. His father had served with the Madras Native Infantry and his grand-father had been a major-general in the Royal Artillery. In France he served with the 16th Division Ammunition Column and as the newspaper reported, died of pneumonia.

His wife, Beatrice, chose his inscription.

The Burial

It comes from Robert Louis Stevenson's Requiem, the poem that appears on his own grave in Samoa: Under the wide and starry sky Dig the grave and let me lie: Glad did I live and gladly die, And I laid me down with a will. This be the verse you 'grave for me: Here he lies where he long'd to be; Home is the sailor, home from the sea, And the hunter home from the hill. Mrs Harrison has contracted the words to read as she wanted them to read. Her husband, after a long career in the army, was lying among his fellow soldiers in the battlefields of France.

When relations quoted from this hymn they usually quoted the first three words of the first verse: 'Abide with me', or the last line of the last verse: 'In life in death O Lord abide with me'. James Dick's parents have quoted from the second verse: Swift to its close ebbs out life's little day; Earth's joys grow dim, its glories pass away; Change and decay in all around I see; O Thou who changest not abide with me!

James Dick was a apprentice engineer in Gateshead-on-Tyne when he enlisted in the Durham Light Infantry soon after the outbreak of war. His medal card shows that he disembarked in France on 20 April He was a private. His military career shows his quality.